MAC下Nginx学习笔记

@bingoogolapple 2015-01-24 16:54:24发表于 bingoogolapple/bingoogolapple.github.io PHP开发环境

安装nginx

brew install nginx


==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/nginx-1.6.2.yosemite.bottle.1.tar.gz
Already downloaded: /Library/Caches/Homebrew/nginx-1.6.2.yosemite.bottle.1.tar.gz
==> Pouring nginx-1.6.2.yosemite.bottle.1.tar.gz
==> Caveats
Docroot is: /usr/local/var/www

The default port has been set in /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf to 8080 so that
nginx can run without sudo.

To have launchd start nginx at login:
    ln -sfv /usr/local/opt/nginx/*.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents
Then to load nginx now:
    launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist
Or, if you don't want/need launchctl, you can just run:
    nginx
==> Summary
/usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.6.2: 7 files, 920K


默认根目录  /usr/local/var/www
默认配置文件   /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf 
➜  ~  brew upgrade nginx
==> Upgrading 1 outdated package, with result:
nginx 1.8.0
==> Upgrading nginx
==> Installing dependencies for nginx: pcre, openssl
==> Installing nginx dependency: pcre
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/pcre-8.38.el_capitan.bottle
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring pcre-8.38.el_capitan.bottle.tar.gz
🍺  /usr/local/Cellar/pcre/8.38: 146 files, 5.4M
==> Installing nginx dependency: openssl
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/openssl-1.0.2e_1.el_capitan
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring openssl-1.0.2e_1.el_capitan.bottle.tar.gz
==> Caveats
A CA file has been bootstrapped using certificates from the system
keychain. To add additional certificates, place .pem files in
  /usr/local/etc/openssl/certs

and run
  /usr/local/opt/openssl/bin/c_rehash

This formula is keg-only, which means it was not symlinked into /usr/local.

Apple has deprecated use of OpenSSL in favor of its own TLS and crypto libraries

Generally there are no consequences of this for you. If you build your
own software and it requires this formula, you'll need to add to your
build variables:

    LDFLAGS:  -L/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib
    CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/opt/openssl/include

==> Summary
🍺  /usr/local/Cellar/openssl/1.0.2e_1: 465 files, 11.9M
==> Installing nginx
==> Downloading https://homebrew.bintray.com/bottles/nginx-1.8.0.el_capitan.bott
######################################################################## 100.0%
==> Pouring nginx-1.8.0.el_capitan.bottle.1.tar.gz
==> Caveats
Docroot is: /usr/local/var/www

The default port has been set in /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf to 8080 so that
nginx can run without sudo.

nginx will load all files in /usr/local/etc/nginx/servers/.

To reload nginx after an upgrade:
  launchctl unload ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist
  launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist
Or, if you don't want/need launchctl, you can just run:
  nginx
==> Summary
🍺  /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.8.0: 7 files, 940.1K

启动nginx

sudo nginx

重新加载配置|重启|停止|退出 nginx

nginx -s reload|reopen|stop|quit

测试配置是否有语法错误

sudo nginx -t

nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

配置nginx

cd /usr/local/etc/nginx/
mkdir conf.d
vim nginx.conf
主要修改位置是最后增加一行include

worker_processes  1;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    sendfile        on;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    include /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}

配置虚拟主机映射

在/etc/hosts文件中添加下面两行
127.0.0.1   www.bga.cn
127.0.0.1   bbs.bga.cn


vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/bbs_bga.conf

server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  bbs.bga.cn;

    root /Users/bingoogol/NginxSite/bbs;

    location / {
        index index.php;
        autoindex on;
    }  

    #proxy the php scripts to php-fpm 
    location ~ .php$ {
        include /usr/local/etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
    }  

}



vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/bbs_bga.conf

server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  www.bga.cn;

    root /Users/bingoogol/NginxSite/www;

    location / {
        index index.php;
        autoindex on;
    }  

    #proxy the php scripts to php-fpm 
    location ~ .php$ {
        include /usr/local/etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
    }  

}

用brew安装php55和php-fpm

brew install php55 --with-fpm

替换php版本

vim  .bash_profile
export PATH="/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:$PATH"

就用刚刚安装的php代替了系统默认cli的php版本。然后在/etc/apache2/httpd.conf下增加

LoadModule php5_module /usr/local/Cellar/php55/php版本号/libexec/apache2/libphp5.so
这样就对apache使用的php版本也进行了修改。